Causes, treatment, and prevention of Enamel Hypoplasia

Article written by Elite Dental Group

Enamel hypoplasia is a condition where a person has underdeveloped enamel. Strong teeth enamel is important as it is the protective, hard layer that covers teeth which reduces decay and damage. Weakened enamel can be seen as discoloration on the surface of teeth.

There are mainly two types of enamel hypoplasia and they are hereditary enamel hypoplasia and environmental enamel hypoplasia. The first is an inherited condition that most often only affects a single tooth. The latter, however, can be due to premature birth, malnutrition, bacterial and viral infections, or trauma that affects newly developing teeth and mouth. Often mild cases will only need to concentrate on maintaining good oral hygiene with special care for affected areas. Severe cases will require bleaching to match the unaffected teeth, sealants, fillings, and crowns.

If you or a family member has enamel hypoplasia, it is best to make an appointment with a dentist who can give you advice on how best to manage the condition. Although hereditary enamel hypoplasia cannot be reversed, patients can reduce its effects by following good oral hygiene habits. This will involve brushing twice daily with a soft-bristle toothbrush for at least two minutes and flossing before bed. Additionally, eating a healthy diet that is low in sugar and adding supplements such as A and D in their diet can help to strengthen a person’s enamel.

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